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雅思阅读定语后置现象解析

  • 时间:2015.02.08
  • 来源:网络
  • 作者:云财雅思


   一般情况下,我们都是用形容词做前置定语来修饰限定名词和代词,比如给出一句非常简单常见的例句:“My brother is a tall thin handsome man. ”。但是雅思考生们要清楚的是,并不是所有的定语都可以用简简单单几个单个的形容词就可以修饰完毕,因而会出现稍微复杂一些的定语后置现象。比如我想要表达“我表弟是一个沉迷于电脑游戏的男孩。”,那么就必须得用一句话或者比形容词稍长一些的短语来描述“沉迷于电脑游戏”这样一个情况,也就是所谓的后置定语。例句可以这样写出:“My cousin is a boy who has been addicted to playing computer games. ”,也可以这样写出:“My cousin is a boy addicted to playing computer games.”。这两句就是前者运用了传统的定语从句作后置定语修饰先行词“boy”而后者则是运用了形容词短语“be addicted to doing something”省略掉be动词作后置定语。除了以上两种后置定语,另外还有动词的现在分词形式,过去分词形式,to do不定式,介词短语这四种定语后置的情况,都不仅是雅思阅读题目以及原文中经常出现的,而且造句写作也完全可以活用的技巧。

【雅思阅读之形容词短语+定语从句】

For example, one graphic illustration to which children might readily relate is the estimate that rainforests are being destroyed at a rate equivalent to one thousand football fields every forty minutes—about the duration of a normal classroom period.

【雅思阅读之介词短语】

The area around the blowhole is also particularly sensitive and captive animals often object strongly to being touched there.

【雅思阅读之不定式+过去分词】

We already know that rat pups denied the chance to play grow smaller brain components and fail to develop the ability to apply social rules when they interact with their peers.

【雅思阅读之现在分词短语】

It has been speculated that, as the blowholes evolved and migrated to the top of the head, the neural pathways serving sense of smell may have been nearly all sacrificed.

【雅思阅读之过去分词短语】

Baleen species studied at close quarters underwater—specifically a grey whale calf in captivity for a year, and free—ranging right whales and humpback whales studied and filmed off Argentina and Hawaii—have obviously tracked objects with vision underwater, and they can apparently see moderately well both in water and in air.

【雅思阅读之定语从句】

Some of the senses that we and other terrestrial mammals take for granted are either reduced or absent in cetaceans or fail to function well in water.

(本文摘自网络)

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